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世界小史128(音频)每周一至周五更新

2019-10-02来源:牡丹江在线

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世界小史 第128期:下跪

Anyonewho came into his presence had to fall on their knees before him and speak tohim as if he were a god.

任何人来到他的面前必须向他下跪并仿佛他真的是一个神似的同他讲话。

Andin the manner of Oriental kings he had several wives, among them the daughterof the Persian king, Darius,

他像东方国王们那样娶了好几个妻子,其中有波斯国王大流士的女儿,

whichmade him that king's rightful successor.

以便成为后者的真正的继承人。

ForAlexander didn't wish to be seen as a foreign conqueror.

因为他不想被看作是个外来的占领者,

Hisaim was to combine the wisdom and splendor of the East with the clear thinkingand vitality of the Greeks, and so create something entirely new and wonderful.

他的目标是把东方的智慧和财富与希腊人的清晰思路和活力融合为某种崭新的、神奇的东西。

Butthis idea didn't please the Greeks and Macedonians at all.

可是希腊人和马其他人不喜欢这样。

Theywere the conquerors, so they should be the masters.

他们这些征服者也想保持其主人的地位。

Whatwas more, they were free men, and used to their freedom.

而且他们是自由人、他们习惯自由。

Theyweren't going to bow down to any man on earth – or, as they put it, lick any man'sboots.

他们不愿意向任何人或大地跪拜——或者,像他们说的“拍任何人的马屁”。

HisGreek friends and the soldiers became increasingly rebellious, and he wasforced to send them home.

他的希腊朋友和士兵们变得越来越反叛,他不得不将他们遣送回家。


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